First book of the Torah (Hebrew). AKA the Pentateuch (Greek for “Five Books” About 14% of this book is prophetic).
- Author – Moses
- Audience – The people of Israel
- Timeframe – 1450-1410 BC
- Theme – Beginnings, Disobedience, Sin, Promises, Obedience, Prosperity, Israel.
- Significance – God’s creation of the world, Israel, and His people.
- Key Scripture
- Key People – Adam, Eve, Cain, Abel, Noah, Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Rebekah, Jacob, Joseph
- Key Places – Garden of Eden, Canaan, Babel
- Creation Order
- First Day – Day and Night
- Second Day – Sky and water
- Third Day – Land, vegetation, and seas
- Fourth Day – Sun (great light to govern the day), moon (lesser light to govern the night), and stars
- Fifth Day – Fish and birds
- Sixth Day – Animals, Man and Woman
- Seventh Day – God rested and declared what He had made to be good. Made it holy.
- Gen 1:3 – How God created the light
- Gen 1:26 – “us” and “our”
- Garden of Eden
- Four rivers
- Tree of Life
- Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil
- Four rivers
- Gen 2:18-21 – Marriage was instituted by God
- Gen 2:24 – Three main aspects: (1) man leaves his parents and promises himself to his wife, (2) Man and woman are joined together by taking responsibility for each other, and (3) the two come together in one flesh in intimacy and commitment of sexual union.
Sin and the Fall of Man
- Was tempted by Satan to disobey God
- She did not resist
- Sinned and shared sin
- Blamed others for her sin
- Did not do his job of protecting his wife
- He avoided responsibility
- He blamed others for his sin
- He hid and did not stand up to what he had done
- Adam and Eve sinned only against God.
- Original Sin
Cain and Abel
- God favored Abel’s offering but not Cain’s
- Cain was angry and committed premeditated murder of his brother Abel
- Cain sinned against God and his brother
- Increased violence and murder in Cain’s family line
- Seth was born to Adam and Eve
- He took the place of Abel as leader of a line of God’s faithful people
- God was grieved with the human race
- God gave man 120 years to change
- Man’s heart was filled only with evil all the time
- God was going to wipe out all of mankind and animals.
- God doesn’t make mistakes. He was not sorry He made man. He knew how man would be.
- God found favor in Noah
- Nephilim – powerful giants who oppressed people
- Some scientists believe the longest any human can live is 120 years
- Built an ark
- 450 feet long, 75 feet wide, and 45 feet high
- Collected 7 pairs of every kind of clean animal
- Collected 2 pairs of every kind of unclean animal
- Rain for 40 days and nights
- Scholars suggest it did not normally rain in those days. The earth was hydrated by dew. So, people did not know what was happening and though Noah was crazy building a vessel so far from a body of water.
- Gen 6:22 – Noah did everything just as God commanded him.
- Built an ark
God’s Covenant with Abraham
- People continued to ignore God and sin.
- Abram tried to follow God
- God promises a nation to Abram
- Abram and Sarai left their family and land to a land promised by God
- God promises a son to Abram
- Sarai did not bare Abram a son yet so she convinced Abram to take her maidservant Hagar.
- Hagar bore a son, Ishmael.
- Founder of the Arab nations
- Covenant of Circumcision
- God changes his name to Abraham (Father of many)
- God changed Sarai to Sarah
- Abraham was 100 years old when Isaac was born
- Abraham’s faith was tested by God. God told Abraham to sacrifice Isaac.
- Abraham made plans to go through with the sacrifice but God stopped him.
- Married Rebekah
- Birthed twin boys – Jacob and Esau
- They wrestled in the womb
- God said they were 2 nations and 2 peoples. One peoples will be stronger than the other
- The younger will serve the older
Jacob and Esau
- Esau was born first
- Loved by Isaac
- Sold his birthright to Jacob for red stew made by Jacob
- Hung around the tents
- Loved by Rebekah
- Rebekah helps Jacob trick Isaac into blessing him instead of Esau
- Worked for Laban for 7 years to marry Rachel but was given Leah instead.
- Worked another for Laban another 7 years to finally get Rachel.
- Had the following wives and children:
- Dinah (only daughter)
- Wrestled with God and was renamed Israel
- One of 12 sons of Jacob and Rebekah
- Sold into slavery by his brothers
- Joseph was thrown in jail
- Did not sin against God or Potiphar
- Interprets the dreams of the cupbearer and the baker
- Two years later Pharaoh had dreams and the cupbearer remembered Joseph could interpret dreams.
- God used Joseph to tell Pharaoh of the coming 7 year of abundance and the 7 years of famine
- Joseph became 2nd in command to the Pharaoh.
- He devised and executed the plan to save from the 7 years of abundance so the people of Egypt could survive the 7 years of famine.
Names and Meanings
|Adam||Hebrew||Man; red; to make|
|Abram\Abraham||Hebrew||High father \ father of many|
|Sarai\Sarah||Hebrew||My princess \ lady; princess; princess of the multitude|
|Jacob\Israel||Hebrew||Supplanter \ May God Prevail|