First book of the Torah (Hebrew). AKA the Pentateuch (Greek for “Five Books” About 14% of this book is prophetic).

  • Author – Moses
  • Audience – The people of Israel
  • Timeframe – 1450-1410 BC
  • Theme – Beginnings, Disobedience, Sin, Promises, Obedience, Prosperity, Israel.
  • Significance – God’s creation of the world, Israel, and His people.
  • Key Scripture
  • Key People – Adam, Eve, Cain, Abel, Noah, Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Rebekah, Jacob, Joseph
  • Key Places – Garden of Eden, Canaan, Babel



  • Creation Order
    • First Day – Day and Night
    • Second Day – Sky and water
    • Third Day – Land, vegetation, and seas
    • Fourth Day – Sun (great light to govern the day), moon (lesser light to govern the night), and stars
    • Fifth Day – Fish and birds
    • Sixth Day – Animals, Man and Woman
    • Seventh Day – God rested and declared what He had made to be good. Made it holy.
  • Gen 1:3 – How God created the light
  • Gen 1:26 – “us” and “our”
  • Garden of Eden
    • Four rivers
      • Pishon
      • Gihon
      • Tigris
      • Euphrates
    • Tree of Life
    • Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil
      • Forbidden


  • Gen 2:18-21 – Marriage was instituted by God
  • Gen 2:24 – Three main aspects: (1) man leaves his parents and promises himself to his wife, (2) Man and woman are joined together by taking responsibility for each other, and (3) the two come together in one flesh in intimacy and commitment of sexual union.

Sin and the Fall of Man

  • Eve
    • Was tempted by Satan to disobey God
    • She did not resist
    • Sinned and shared sin
    • Blamed others for her sin
  • Adam
    • Did not do his job of protecting his wife
    • He avoided responsibility
    • He blamed others for his sin
    • He hid and did not stand up to what he had done
  • Adam and Eve sinned only against God.
  • Original Sin

Cain and Abel

  • God favored Abel’s offering but not Cain’s
  • Cain was angry and committed premeditated murder of his brother Abel
  • Cain sinned against God and his brother
  • Increased violence and murder in Cain’s family line
  • Seth was born to Adam and Eve
    • He took the place of Abel as leader of a line of God’s faithful people

The Flood

  • God was grieved with the human race
    • God gave man 120 years to change
    • Man’s heart was filled only with evil all the time
    • God was going to wipe out all of mankind and animals.
    • God doesn’t make mistakes. He was not sorry He made man. He knew how man would be.
    • God found favor in Noah
  • Nephilim – powerful giants who oppressed people
    • Some scientists believe the longest any human can live is 120 years
  • Noah
    • Built an ark
      • 450 feet long, 75 feet wide, and 45 feet high
    • Collected 7 pairs of every kind of clean animal
    • Collected 2 pairs of every kind of unclean animal
    • Rain for 40 days and nights
      • Scholars suggest it did not normally rain in those days. The earth was hydrated by dew. So, people did not know what was happening and though Noah was crazy building a vessel so far from a body of water.
    • Gen 6:22 – Noah did everything just as God commanded him.

God’s Covenant with Abraham

  • People continued to ignore God and sin.
  • Abram tried to follow God
  • God promises a nation to Abram
  • Abram and Sarai left their family and land to a land promised by God
  • God promises a son to Abram
  • Sarai did not bare Abram a son yet so she convinced Abram to take her maidservant Hagar.
  • Hagar bore a son, Ishmael.
    • Founder of the Arab nations
  • Covenant of Circumcision
    • God changes his name to Abraham (Father of many)
    • God changed Sarai to Sarah


  • Abraham was 100 years old when Isaac was born
  • Abraham’s faith was tested by God. God told Abraham to sacrifice Isaac.
  • Abraham made plans to go through with the sacrifice but God stopped him.
  • Married Rebekah
    • Birthed twin boys – Jacob and Esau
    • They wrestled in the womb
    • God said they were 2 nations and 2 peoples. One peoples will be stronger than the other
    • The younger will serve the older

Jacob and Esau

  • Esau was born first
    • Hairy
    • Hunter
    • Loved by Isaac
    • Sold his birthright to Jacob for red stew made by Jacob
  • Jacob
    • Quiet
    • Hung around the tents
    • Loved by Rebekah
    • Rebekah helps Jacob trick Isaac into blessing him instead of Esau
    • Worked for Laban for 7 years to marry Rachel but was given Leah instead.
    • Worked another for Laban another 7 years to finally get Rachel.
    • Had the following wives and children:
      • Zilpah
        • Gad
        • Asher
      • Leah
        • Reuben
        • Simeon
        • Levi
        • Judah
        • Issachar
        • Zebulun
        • Dinah (only daughter)
      • Rachel
        • Joseph
        • Benjamin
      • Bilhah
        • Dan
        • Naphtali
      • Wrestled with God and was renamed Israel



  • One of 12 sons of Jacob and Rebekah
  • Sold into slavery by his brothers
  • Joseph was thrown in jail
    • Did not sin against God or Potiphar
    • Interprets the dreams of the cupbearer and the baker
    • Two years later Pharaoh had dreams and the cupbearer remembered Joseph could interpret dreams.
      • God used Joseph to tell Pharaoh of the coming 7 year of abundance and the 7 years of famine
    • Joseph became 2nd in command to the Pharaoh.
      • He devised and executed the plan to save from the 7 years of abundance so the people of Egypt could survive the 7 years of famine.



Names and Meanings

Adam Hebrew Man; red; to make
Eve Hebrew To breathe
Cain Hebrew acquired
Abel Hebrew breath
Seth Hebrew appointed
Abram\Abraham Hebrew High father \ father of many
Sarai\Sarah Hebrew My princess \ lady; princess; princess of the multitude
Isaac Hebrew laughter
Jacob\Israel Hebrew Supplanter \ May God Prevail
Esau Hebrew hairy
Joseph Hebrew Increase; addition



The Bible Origin

What is the Bible?

  • 66 God-inspired books and epistles (letters). Holy Spirit moved the writer to accurately record what God wanted them to write.
    • 2 Timothy 3:16-17 NKJV All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.
  • Inerrancy of Scripture – the Bible is without error in all that it affirms.

What is the Old Testament?

  • Protestant 39 books
    • Hebrew
    • Tanakh
  • Covenant between God and Abraham – Gen 17:7
  • Covenant between God and Israel – Deu 26:17-18
  • Accepted by Jewish people. Scripture taught from generation to generation.
  • Councils of Jamnia (AD 90 and 118) affirm the Old Testament canon of 39 books).
  • It is the New Testament concealed
    • Christophany – Pre-incarnate Christ
    • Types of Christ
      • People
      • Things
    • Prophecies

What is the New Testament?

  • Protestant 27 books and epistles.
  • Jeremiah 31:31 – Coming New Covenant between God and all mankind through Jesus.
    • Hebrews 8:7-13
    • Acts 3:26
    • Eph 2:12-13
  • It is the Old Testament revealed
  • Four canonical Gospels
    • Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
  • Three Synoptic Gospels (Synoptic “See Together)
    • Matthew, Mark, and Luke
      • Events can be compared

What is the Intertestamental Period?

  • 400 years of silence between the prophet Malachi and John the Baptist
  • God revealed nothing new to His people
  • During this time:
    • Rise of the Roman Empire
    • Jewish people begin to speak Greek and Aramaic
    • Jewish Scripture translated to Koine Greek
      • Septuagint


  • Canon – Greek for rule or measuring stick
    • Long process
      • AD 140-150 – Orthodox Christians start to establish a NT canon
      • AD 305-310 – Lucian of Antioch created the Greek New Testament text which becomes a foundation for later Bibles.
      • AD 325 – First Council of Nicaea
      • AD 367 – Athanasius’s Festal Letter lists complete New Testament canon (27 books) for the first time
      • AD 397 – Council of Carthage establishes orthodox New Testament canon (27 books)
      • AD 400 – Jerome translates the Bible into Latin; this “Vulgate” becomes standard of medieval church
      • AD 650 – 1611 – Translation from Latin to English
        • 1611 Translation during the reign of King James of England.

Sources Outside of the Bible

  • Dead Sea Scrolls – Found in 1947 in the Qumran Caves. Proves the accuracy of the Old Testament
  • Scholars and Historians
    • Josephus

What should a believer do when waiting on the Lord?

My oldest daughter began her Freshman year of high school back in August. Due to the late registration for classes, she wasn’t able to sign up for a couple elective classes because they were already full. She began the school year and had a good attitude about taking a couple of classes she wasn’t all that interested in.

One day, while talking to the band instructor about an after school club she approached the subject of her gift of playing the piano. Since he had no need for a piano player in the marching band, he suggested she speak to the chorus teacher. The chorus teacher was thrilled to have a piano player and made the arrangements for her to drop one of the electives she did not want.

Watching her demeanor throughout this time and this “trial” in her life, I learned the following about what we should do while we wait on the Lord.

  1. Be Prayerful and Thankful (Phil 4:6) – Be anxious for nothing, but by everything prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known to God.
  2. Be Content (Phil 4:11) – Not that I speak in regard to need, for I have learned in whatever state I am, to be content.
  3. Be Joyful (James 1:2) – Count it all joy when fall into various trials knowing that the testing of your faith produces patience.
  4. Be of Good Courage (Psalm 27:14a) – Wait on the Lord; Be of good courage,
  5. Be Strengthened (Psalm 27:14b) – And He shall strengthen your heart; Wait I say, on the Lord!

Finally, Isaiah 40:31 states the following:

But those who wait on the Lord
Shall renew their strength;
They shall mount up with wings like eagles,
They shall run and not be weary,
They shall walk and not faint.

Be like a “Well” of Baca

Psalm 84:5-7 (NKJV)

5 Blessed is the man whose strength is in You,
Whose heart is set on pilgrimage.

6 As they pass through the Valley of Baca,
They make it a spring;
The rain also covers it with pools.

7 They go from strength to strength;
Each one appears before God in Zion.

Scholars suggest that the Valley of Baca (or Valley of Tears) was a desert-like area on the way to Jerusalem. Many travelers would pass through this barren area on their way to the Temple. This desert land is a symbol of our life and our walk without God. Jerusalem, of course, is the place of the Temple – the presence of God.

In this Valley of Tears, travelers to the Temple would create springs or wells for the rain to gather. This would provide refreshment and comfort to future travelers. As believers of Jesus, we are called to be like those wells. We are called to bring that refreshment and comfort of Jesus to those traveling through the desert experiencing a trial or tribulation. We are called to bring the Good News to those that do not know Him (Matthew 28:19).

Does Jesus Allude that John the Baptist is Elijah?


In Matthew 11:14, it appears that Jesus is saying that John the Baptist is actually Elijah.

Matthew 11:14 (NKJV)

14 And if you are willing to receive it, he is Elijah who is to come.

This is also seen in Matthew 17:12, Mark 9:13 and John 21:

Matthew 17:12 (NKJV)

12 But I say to you that Elijah has come already, and they did not know him but did to him whatever they wished. Likewise the Son of Man is also about to suffer at their hands.”

         Mark 9:13 (NKJV)

13 But I say to you that Elijah has also come, and they did to him whatever they wished, as it is written of him.”

In John 1:21, John states he is not Elijah:

         John 1:21 (NKJV)

21 And they asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?”

He said, “I am not.”

“Are you the Prophet?”

And he answered, “No.”


In Matthew and Mark, Jesus is referring to John as the fulfillment of Malachi 3:1 and 4:5-6 but not the literal Elijah or a reincarnated Elijah.

       Malachi 3:1 (NKJV)

The Coming Messenger

“Behold, I send My messenger,
And he will prepare the way before Me.
And the Lord, whom you seek,
Will suddenly come to His temple,
Even the Messenger of the covenant,
In whom you delight.
Behold, He is coming,”
Says the Lord of hosts.

Malachi 4:5-6 (NKJV)


Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet
Before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord.
And he will turn
The hearts of the fathers to the children,
And the hearts of the children to their fathers,
Lest I come and strike the earth with a curse.”

So, what do we say about John 1:21 where John says he is not Elijah? It is probably safe to assume that John didn’t understand the questions. John could have taken the question literally and answered it in truth by saying he is not physically Elijah when the question could have been asked if he was a “type of Elijah”.

Headdress – Should women wear them in church today?


First Corinthians 11:4-7 seems to imply that women should wear a headdress when attending church services.

1 Corinthians 11:4-7 (NKJV)

Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonors his head. But every woman who prays or prophesies with her head uncovered dishonors her head, for that is one and the same as if her head were shaved. For if a woman is not covered, let her also be shorn. But if it is shameful for a woman to be shorn or shaved, let her be covered. For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, since he is the image and glory of God; but woman is the glory of man.

Differing Analysis

Length of Hair – Some suggest these verses deal with the length of the woman’s hair and not necessarily about a headdress. They believe it has to do with a God-ordained distinction between men and women that is to be demonstrated by the respective length of their hair.

Authority – Paul is talking about authority. When we recognize the authority of God over us, we are subjecting ourselves to His authority. Likewise, women wearing the head covering were publically demonstrating their subjection to the authority placed over them.

Final Analysis

There is no such custom in the church:

1 Corinthians 11:13-16 (NKJV)

Judge among yourselves. Is it proper for a woman to pray to God with her head uncovered? 14 Does not even nature itself teach you that if a man has long hair, it is a dishonor to him? 15 But if a woman has long hair, it is a glory to her; for her hair is given to her[a] for a covering. 16 But if anyone seems to be contentious, we have no such custom, nor do the churches of God.